SOSMANIORA: Jurnal Ilmu Sosial dan Humaniora <table style="height: 50px; vertical-align: middle; border-bottom: 3px solid #ffffff; background-color: #008000; width: 100%; border: 0px solid black; box-shadow: 1px 1px 5px 2px;" border="0" width="100%" rules="none"> <tbody> <tr> <td width="175" height="100"><img src="" alt="" width="1000" height="1415" /></td> <td> <table class="data" border="0" width="100%"> <tbody> <tr valign="top"> <td width="30%"><strong><span style="color: #ffffff;">Journal Title</span></strong></td> <td><span style="color: #ffffff;">:</span></td> <td width="70%"><span style="color: #ffffff;">Jurnal Ilmu Sosial dan Humaniora</span></td> </tr> <tr valign="top"> <td width="30%"><strong><span style="color: #ffffff;">Language</span></strong></td> <td><span style="color: #ffffff;">:</span></td> <td width="70%"><span style="color: #ffffff;">Indonesia and English</span></td> </tr> <tr valign="top"> <td width="30%"><strong><span style="color: #ffffff;">e-ISSN</span></strong></td> <td><span style="color: #ffffff;">:</span></td> <td width="70%"><span style="color: #ffffff;">2829-2340</span></td> </tr> <tr valign="top"> <td width="30%"><strong><span style="color: #ffffff;">p-ISSN</span></strong></td> <td><span style="color: #ffffff;">:</span></td> <td width="70%"><span style="color: #ffffff;">2829-2359</span></td> </tr> <tr valign="top"> <td width="30%"><strong><span style="color: #ffffff;">Frequency</span></strong></td> <td><span style="color: #ffffff;">:</span></td> <td width="70%"><span style="color: #ffffff;">4 issues per year (March, June, September and December)</span></td> </tr> <tr valign="top"> <td width="30%"><strong><span style="color: #ffffff;">Publisher </span></strong></td> <td><span style="color: #ffffff;">:</span></td> <td width="70%"><span style="color: #ffffff;">Yayasan Literasi Sains Indonesia</span></td> </tr> <tr valign="top"> <td width="30%"><strong><span style="color: #ffffff;">DOI </span></strong></td> <td><span style="color: #ffffff;">:</span></td> <td width="70%"><a href=""><span style="color: #ffffff;"></span></a></td> </tr> <tr valign="top"> <td width="30%"><strong><span style="color: #ffffff;">Citation Analysis</span></strong> </td> <td><span style="color: #ffffff;">:</span></td> <td width="70%"><a href=";hl=id" target="_blank" rel="noopener"><span style="color: #000000;"><span style="color: #ffffff;">Google Scholar</span></span></a></td> </tr> <tr valign="top"> <td width="30%"><strong><span style="color: #ffffff;">Editor-in-chief</span></strong></td> <td><span style="color: #ffffff;">:</span></td> <td width="70%"><span style="color: #ffffff;">Angelia Putriana</span></td> </tr> <tr valign="top"> <td width="30%"><strong><span style="color: #ffffff;">Email</span></strong></td> <td><span style="color: #ffffff;">:</span></td> <td width="70%"><span style="color: #ffffff;"></span></td> </tr> </tbody> </table> </td> </tr> </tbody> </table> <p align="justify"><strong>Jurnal Ilmu Sosial dan Humaniora </strong>yang disingkat <strong>SOSMANIORA </strong>merupakan Jurnal yang diterbitkan 4 (empat) kali dalam setahun, yaitu pada bulan Maret, Juni, September dan Desember oleh Yayasan Literasi Sains Indonesia. Sebagai jurnal multidisiplin nasional yang mencakup berbagai isu dalam kajian ilmu-ilmu sosial dan humaniora, jurnal ini juga memperhatikan isu-isu utama pembangunan sosial dan humaniora, meliputi: pembangunan ekonomi dan sosial. Serta perubahan mencakup isu-isu, seperti: isu pemberdayaan masyarakat, kelembagaan sosial dan pemerintah, sistem pengetahuan lokal, dan kesehatan masyarakat. Jurnal Ilmu Sosial dan Humaniora bertujuan untuk menyebarluaskan pemikiran konseptual dan hasil penelitian yang telah dicapai.</p> Yayasan Literasi Sains Indonesia en-US SOSMANIORA: Jurnal Ilmu Sosial dan Humaniora 2829-2359 Implementasi Perdagangan Ekspor Pisang Cavendish PT. Great Giant Pineapple (GGP) dengan Jepang pada Tahun 2022 <p><em>This study aims to determine the implementation of the cavendish banana export trade at PT. Great Giant Pineapple (Indonesia) with Japan. The theory used in this study is the theory of comparative advantage according to David Ricardo, using qualitative research methods. The results showed that the implementation of the cavendish banana export trade by PT. Great Giant Pineapple (Indonesia) with Japan was realized through several stages, namely the purchasing stage which consisted of a purchasing order (PO), namely a document made to show the goods purchased, signing the SO and goods entering the warehouse. In addition, the sales stage which consists of sales orders (SO), travel documents, sales invoices, and receipt of accounts receivable, and finally, the export process stage which consists of stuffing goods, sending goods to the port to the destination country, namely Japan, then distributing it to buyers. . The documents needed in implementing PT GGP's export trade to Japan include the main documents, namely invoices, packing lists, shipping instructions, PEB and bills of lading, as well as supporting documents consisting of COO, health cert, and phytosanitary cert.</em></p> Kurnia Santi Tanti Nurgiyanti Bagus Subekti Nuswantoro Yeyen Subandi Copyright (c) 2023 Kurnia Santi, Tanti Nurgiyanti, Bagus Subekti Nuswantoro, Yeyen Subandi 2023-06-28 2023-06-28 2 2 155 164 10.55123/sosmaniora.v2i2.1698 Tingkat Kesejahteraan Masyarakat Desa Himba Lestari di dalam Areal IUPHHK-HT di Kabupaten Kutai Timur, Kalimantan Timur <p><em>Local communities in forest management are interested parties. Investments in the forestry sector that utilize the area should be able to help regional development and improve the welfare of local communities. This study aims to understand the condition and level of community welfare in forest areas that have IUPHHK-HT. This research approach is descriptive qualitative by applying the interview method in data collection. The people in the study area are old settlers, most of whom are migrants from outside the area with low levels of education and low social status. The study area is a preparatory village that has very limited infrastructure for clean water, electricity, education, health and public infrastructure.</em> <em>The presence of the IUPHHK-HT company has not been able to provide welfare for the community.</em><em> The level of social welfare there is still relatively low. In fact, the goal of Sustainable Forest Management (PHL) is not only sustainable production but must be able to provide economic, social and cultural benefits.</em><em>Policy of fair social welfare and the spirit of agrarian reform should be able to answer economic and ecological challenges. The local community should not be used as an obstacle in the development of the timber industry in Indonesia</em>.</p> Jerlita Kadang Allo Muli Edwin Iin Sumbada Sulistyorini Copyright (c) 2023 Jerlita Kadang Allo, Muli Edwin, Iin Sumbada Sulistyorini 2023-06-28 2023-06-28 2 2 165 174 10.55123/sosmaniora.v2i2.1742 Dari Domestik ke Publik: Sejarah Pendidikan Kejuruan Perempuan dari Waktu ke Waktu <p><em>Vocational education is a type of education that has always been one of the main focuses of the government in each period. Historically, vocational education for women in Indonesia was pioneered by two major figures, namely Kartini and Dewi Sartika in the early 20th century. Women's vocational education has undergone changes in line with demands for gender equality due to increasingly democratic socio-cultural conditions in Indonesia. This causes the diminishing differences in the roles of women and men in social roles. Women no longer only struggle in the domestic sphere as was the case with Kartini and Dewi Sartika, but also in the public sphere. This article examines the historical journey of women's vocational education and its dynamics starting from the thoughts of Kartini and Dewi Sartika, the Old Order, the New Order, and the Reformation. The argument put forward is that these two figures pioneered the birth of vocational education for women in Indonesia, so it is necessary to analyze whether there are differences in women's vocational education from time to time with their thoughts and what causes these changes.</em></p> Mrr Ratna Endang Widuatie Zellica Vanudia Amundari Copyright (c) 2023 Mrr Ratna Endang Widuatie, Zellica Vanudia Amundari 2023-06-28 2023-06-28 2 2 175 186 10.55123/sosmaniora.v2i2.1817 Teknik Pembacaan Media Puzzle Huruf di Sekolah Dasar Kalimantan Tengah <p><em>The author's research focused on students in an elementary school in Palangka Raya. The author found that there were students who were not familiar with alphabetic or numeric literacy, so students could not continue the reading process. In addition, based on the regular activities of students with various seriousness, it is time for teachers to provide opportunities, freedom and time for students to be creative, relieve fatigue through games, namely playing puzzles. This research is a qualitative research with data collection tools through the process of interviewing research subjects. Qualitative data is in the form of information regarding the implementation of learning using the game method with letter puzzle media carried out by teachers and students. The results of the study show the use or logical consequence of the puzzle media that the puzzle media is able to arouse student discipline based on awareness and exploration of the meaning of both obeying and breaking the rules in the student's discipline space itself. The cognitive domain, through the media of puzzles being important, not only makes students happy to play, but helps children to memorize and/or remember what happened to them through puzzle games.</em></p> Tedy Tedy Ruth Stevani Rusdiana Tamara Yuliani Yuliani Copyright (c) 2023 Tedy Tedy, Ruth Stevani, Rusdiana Tamara, Yuliani Yuliani 2023-06-28 2023-06-28 2 2 187 196 10.55123/sosmaniora.v2i2.1891 Analisis Fenomena Cancel Culture dalam Etika “Klik” Manusia di Era Digital Menurut F. Budi Hardiman <p><em>The research of this study pays attention to the cancel culture phenomenon in the ethics of human communication in today’s digital era. In particular, the author will describe F. Budi Hardiman’s thoughts on the ethics of “Click” in human existence in cyberspace. The methodology used in this research is qualitative-descriptive. Cancel culture is a phenomenon that has recently colored the dynamics of human relations in social media. The culture of cancelling or boycotting someone by indulging in issues or disgrace of other parties whose truth is not yet clear is certainly problematic in today’s digital ethical world. F. Budi Hardiman pays attention to the ethics of “Click” as a moral action that needs to be explored by humans in today’s digital world. The purpose of this research is to explore the cancel culture phenomenon from the ethical perspective of “Click” and the role of Digi-sein in building morality in the digital world. The author found that “Click” has led to fanaticism and belittled value systems in the form of empathy for others. Therefore, it is necessary to have “Click” ethic that contains virtue, as described by Budi Hardiman, namely the attitude of reflective pause which refers to the act of virtue full of courage to voice the truth, honesty to convey information as it is, and self-control to refuse irrational news or opinions so that the “Click” action is filled with ethical values towards the good of life together.</em></p> Alfredo Kevin Copyright (c) 2023 Alfredo Kevin 2023-05-30 2023-05-30 2 2 197 203 10.55123/sosmaniora.v2i2.1930 Disfungsi Peran Keluarga: Studi Stunting pada Balita di Tanjungpinang Timur, Kota Tanjungpinang, Kepulauan Riau <p><em>This research aims to analyze the relationship between family role dysfunction and stunting among toddlers in East Tanjungpinang, Tanjungpinang City, Riau Islands. Family role dysfunction is one of the potential factors causing stunting in toddlers. Stunting among toddlers is a significant public health issue in Indonesia, particularly in economically disadvantaged and underdeveloped areas. This study employs a qualitative descriptive design. Data were collected through interviews and observations. The research findings indicate the occurrence of family role dysfunction, including the inability to provide attention and support to children, the inability to fulfill the nutritional and health needs of children, and the inability to provide appropriate stimulation and interaction based on the child's age. This study recommends efforts to enhance the family's role in supporting the growth and development of children, particularly in terms of fulfilling the nutritional and health needs of children and providing age-appropriate stimulation. Furthermore, there is a need for health education to raise awareness among the community regarding the importance of the family's role in supporting child growth and development. By doing so, it can enhance public awareness in addressing stunting issues among toddlers in East Tanjungpinang, Tanjungpinang City.</em></p> Novi Gabriella Haria Jasri Fanny Humairah Delsy Arya Putri Vina Oktaviani Nikodemus Niko Copyright (c) 2023 Novi Gabriella Haria, Jasri Fanny Humairah, Delsy Arya Putri, Vina Oktaviani, Nikodemus Niko 2023-06-28 2023-06-28 2 2 204 214 10.55123/sosmaniora.v2i2.1941 Improving Students’ Grammar Mastery in Passive Voice by Using Jigsaw Method <p><em>This research is focused on developing students' grammar mastery in passive voice </em><strong><em> </em></strong><em>through jigsaw method. This is based on phenomenon that </em><em>the development of communicative competence has become the main goal of language learning recently, then the role of grammar becomes very important in effective communication.</em><em> The design of this research is quasi-experimental research that finds out the effect of Jigsaw method towards students grammar mastery. To determine the </em><em>students<strong>’</strong></em><em> grammar mastery, this study used a grammar test, through three pre</em><strong><em>t</em></strong><em>ests and a post-test. The pre-test was used to see the grammar mastery before </em><em>treatment</em><em>, and the post-test was used to see the difference in students' grammar scores after treatment. The research subjects were students from </em><em>the</em><em> Management Department at the University of West Sumatra who took Business </em><em>English</em><em> II. The data found that Jigsaw method had a significant effect on students' grammar mastery. This conclusion </em><em>can</em><em> be seen based on the analysis that found </em><em>the average value of students in the pretest is calculated by 7 and student’s average score on post-test was 14. The observed t value is t = 3.88 and the standard</em> <em>significance is 0.05. Since t observed is greater than t table (T observed &gt; t table), null hypothesis</em> <em>(Ho) is rejected and the alternative hypothesis accepted. So, based on these results, it is concluded that there is the statistical difference between pre-test in the 0.05 level. This means that teaching activities use jigsaw method has a significant influence on students' grammar mastery in learning passive voice</em></p> Ance Jusmaya Copyright (c) 2023 Ance Jusmaya 2023-06-28 2023-06-28 2 2 215 221 10.55123/sosmaniora.v2i2.1947 Analisis Penanganan Masalah Anak Panti di Panti Asuhan Tunas Kasih Olayama Raya <p><em>The nuclear family is a family consisting of father, mother and children. The family is a place for children to interact in learning values through family behavior patterns and connecting children with the environment outside the home. Children are a gift from God that must be looked after, cared for, and fulfilled their needs as they should. However, not all children feel the same way that they should. For this reason, the orphanage exists as a place to accommodate children who do not feel that way. An orphanage or child social welfare institution (LKSA) according to the Indonesian Ministry of Social Affairs, is a child social welfare business institution that has the responsibility to provide social welfare services to neglected children by carrying out sponsorship and alleviation of abandoned children. Children may be considered as someone who easily forgets what they feel. However, children can also be figures who remember something that happened to them and cause resentment to arise. Therefore the handling of problems carried out against children must be carried out as they should.</em></p> Tania Octa Violla Septira Razin Fadhilah Rachel Yohana Vatreciya Purba Fariz Ahmad Ghani Harahap Fajar Utama Ritonga Copyright (c) 2023 Tania Octa Violla, Septira Razin Fadhilah, Rachel Yohana Vatreciya Purba, Fariz Ahmad Ghani Harahap, Fajar Utama Ritonga 2023-06-28 2023-06-28 2 2 222 227 10.55123/sosmaniora.v2i2.2025 Peran Pendidik dalam Membentuk Moral Panti Asuhan: <p><em>This article discusses the important role of educators in shaping moral values in orphanages and the significant implications they have for the character development of foster children. In the context of orphanages, educators play a key role in helping foster children develop strong moral values and build positive character. Apart from providing basic needs and formal education, education in orphanages has an important role in shaping the character and morals of foster children. Caregivers in orphanages have a responsibility to provide good moral guidance and create a supportive environment in efforts to build the character and morals of these children. Based on the results of research conducted at the </em><em>Rumah Kasih Bakti Anak</em><em> Indonesia Foundation, the methods used by social workers at the orphanage are in accordance with the methods commonly used by social workers. Thus, this article presents an understanding of the important role of educators in shaping moral values in orphanages and describes the methods used in building the character and morals of foster children.</em></p> Syafirah Azra Wiguna Safrina Zahfira Siregar M. Umar Saifurrahman Zaidan Shakila Najifah Putri Lubis Fajar Utama Ritonga Copyright (c) 2023 Syafirah Azra Wiguna, Safrina Zahfira Siregar, M. Umar Saifurrahman Zaidan, Shakila Najifah Putri Lubis, Fajar Utama Ritonga 2023-06-28 2023-06-28 2 2 228 233 10.55123/sosmaniora.v2i2.2071 Tabuik, Warisan Budaya Islam Sumatera Barat <p><em>Tabuik is a tradition inherited from the people of Kota Pariaman. The tabuik tradition is a ceremony to commemorate the death of Husein bin Ali who died while fighting in Karbala. Tabuik is one of the cultural heritages in the form of a ritual tradition that has developed in Pariaman since two centuries ago. Tabuik is a ceremony or celebration to commemorate the death of the Prophet Muhammad's grandson, Husein bin Ali, who died during the war in Karbala, but later developed into a cultural performance that became the hallmark of Pariaman after the inclusion of Minangkabau cultural elements. many parties were involved in the success of the tabuik celebration, namely the community and the Pariaman City government. The method used in this study is a descriptive research method in the form of a literature study, which emphasizes an explanation of the history of the tabuik tradition to the implementation of the tabuik tradition.</em> <em>Tabuik has been developing in Pariman since two centuries ago, but it is still being preserved today. Tabuik is the Islamic cultural heritage of West Sumatra, especially Pariaman.</em></p> Inda Violina Isrina Siregar Supian Ramli Copyright (c) 2023 Inda Violina, Isrina Siregar, Supian Ramli 2023-06-28 2023-06-28 2 2 234 242 10.55123/sosmaniora.v2i2.2013 Variasi Kata Sapaan di Lingkungan Sekolah Tahfizh Plus Khoiru Ummah Jember: Kajian Sosiodialektologi <p><em>In Indonesian society, individuals use specific forms of address when communicating with each other. The choice of address is influenced by various social factors. This research aims to describe the variations of address used within the community of STP Khoiru Ummah Jember, as well as identify the social factors that influence them. This study employs a qualitative descriptive research design. The data sources for this research are the teachers, staff, and students of STP Khoiru Ummah Jember. The data collected consists of words, phrases, clauses, and sentences containing address terms. Data collection is conducted through face-to-face interviews, while the data analysis employs an extralingual equivalence method. The results of this research indicate that the address terms used by the members of STP Khoiru Ummah Jember consist of the following categories: (a) personal names, (b) second-person pronouns, (c) kinship terms, (d) educational titles, (e) other forms of address, and (f) figurative meanings. The variation in address terms is influenced by several social factors, namely: (a) the conversational situation, (b) ethnic or tribal background, (c) age, (d) familiarity or intimacy, (e) social status, (f) gender, and (g) the origin or background of the interlocutor.</em></p> Santuso Santuso Agus Sariono Asrumi Asrumi Copyright (c) 2023 Santuso Santuso, Agus Sariono, Asrumi Asrumi 2023-06-28 2023-06-28 2 2 243 256 10.55123/sosmaniora.v2i2.2129 Proses Komunikasi dalam Sosialisasi Produk Indihome PT Telekomunikasi Indonesia Regional Aceh Barat <p>Di era globalisasi, perkembangan teknologi berjalan sangat pesat dan dengan persaingan yang semakin ketat, hal ini memicu banyak penyedia jasa telekomunikasi bermunculan. Dalam hal ini, perusahaan telekomunikasi berupaya untuk melakukan proses komunikasi dengan tujuan agar produknya lebih terkenal di kalangan masyarakat serta bermanfaat bagi kebutuhan masyarakat. Metode penelitian ini adalah kualitatif deskriptif. Tujuan penelitian ini untuk mengetahui proses komunikasi dalam sosialisasi produk indihome PT Telekomunikasi Regional Aceh Barat. Hasil dari penelitian ini menghasilkan bahwa dalam melaksanakan proses komunikasi dalam sosialisasi produk indihome, PT Telekomunikasi Indonesia Regional Aceh Barat menerapkan atau mengimplementasikan konsep proses komunikasi menurut Onong Uchana Effendy, yang terdiri dari proses komunikasi atau <em>communication process</em> yang terbagi menjadi dua, yaitu proses komunikasi primer dan proses komunikasi sekunder. Dari seluruh proses komunikasi yang dilakukan oleh PT Telekomunikasi Indonesia Regional Aceh barat, proses komunikasi yang paling dominan dan efektif dilakukan adalah proses komunikasi verbal, karena pada proses komunikasi dalam sosialisasi produk indihome dilaksanakan dengan cara <em>door to door </em>pada masyarakat Aceh Barat.</p> Julian Gunadi Copyright (c) 2023 Julian Gunadi 2023-06-28 2023-06-28 2 2 257 262 10.55123/sosmaniora.v2i2.2157 Peran Orang Tua dalam Pendampingan Anak Usia Dini Bermain Gadget <p><em>The form of parental assistance provided is only in the form of advice, but there are also children who do not receive attention or assistance in their daily lives because parents are busy working. This study aims to analyze the role of parents in accompanying early childhood playing gadgets. This type of research is qualitative research. The study was conducted by parents and children aged 2 years and 7 months with the subject being 1 toddler and 1 toddler's parents in Jorong Sungai Atang, Kenagarian Batu Rijal, Padang Lawas District, Dharmasraya Regency. Methods of data collection using interviews, observation, and documentation. Data analysis using qualitative analysis. The results showed that the toddler's parents were busy working, namely sewing. The obstacle is that parents do not understand the dangers and effects of using gadgets for early childhood. The solution to overcome the obstacles faced by parents in assisting young children to play gadgets is to accompany children in every activity, invite them to talk, teach children to socialize with neighbors, invite children to play outside the home. Therefore, parents can set time limits for using gadgets, be selective in choosing applications for children, accompany children when using gadgets, train children to be responsible for using gadgets and parents try to supervise children in social interaction properly.</em></p> Ratih Agustin Wulandari Erlina Purwaningsih Darussalam Darussalam Oktaviani Oktaviani Wandira Wandira Copyright (c) 2023 Ratih Agustin Wulandari, Erlina Purwaningsih, Darussalam Darussalam, Oktaviani Oktaviani, Wandira Wandira 2023-06-28 2023-06-28 2 2 263 268 10.55123/sosmaniora.v2i2.2203 Sembilan Nilai Utama Gus Dur Perspektif Etika Ibnu Miskawaih <p><em>K.H. Abdurrohman Wahid or who is familiar with the name Gus Dur is an important figure in Indonesia. Gus Dur is a figure who represents the santri group with its salaf traditions and also the intellectuals in the world of academia. People who loved Gus Dur voluntarily set up organizations or forums to channel aspirations and explore Gus Dur's values. So that in the teachings of the Gus Durian community there is the term Gus Dur's nine main values. These nine main values ​​are the hallmark and identity of the Gus Durian community. These nine main values ​​are the efforts of the Gus Durian community to find and formulate the values ​​of Gus Dur's struggle. Gus Dur's nine main values ​​are monotheism, humanity, justice, equality, liberation, simplicity, brotherhood, chivalry, and local wisdom. Gus Dur's nine main values ​​are ethical teachings practiced by Gus Dur to defend minorities. Gus Dur's teachings are very relevant to the ethical teachings of Ibn Miskawaih. Ibn Miskawaih himself is a major philosopher in Islam whose style of thought is influenced by Islamic religious concepts and Greek philosophical concepts. With these two features, Ibn Miskawaih's philosophy is comprehensive, especially in terms of ethics. The ethical teachings focus on understanding and cultivating character when carrying out an action. His views on ethics are related to human virtues, namely morals. This morality is divided into three parts, namely: wisdom, courage and chastity. These three virtues are born from a just attitude. Thus, there is compatibility between Gus Dur's teachings through Gus Dur's nine main values ​​and the ethical teachings of Ibn Miskawaih. Thus it can be concluded that there is a relationship between Gus Dur's nine main values ​​and the ethical teachings of Ibn Miskawaih.</em></p> Ahmad Yani Fathur Rohman Copyright (c) 2023 Ahmad Yani Fathur Rohman 2023-06-28 2023-06-28 2 2 269 277 10.55123/sosmaniora.v2i2.1796 Strategi Bertahan Hidup Buruh Pengupas Kulit Udang dalam Pemenuhan Kebutuhan Dasar di Masa Covid-19 <p><em>The outbreak of COVID-19 cases in all corners of the world has affected all sectors in human life, affecting the economic, educational, social and cultural sectors. However, the biggest impact of the COVID-19 outbreak is the economic sector, due to restrictions on human movement in order to break the chain of COVID-19, especially the informal sector economy, namely freelance daily laborers who work in shrimp skin stripping businesses. The purpose of this study is to describe the survival strategy of shrimp shell peeling workers in Tangkahan Village. The results of research and observations on research subjects found the fact that: (1) The Covid-19 pandemic caused an impact on workers due to the ban on export-import of goods from within and outside the country. (2) Shrimp Skin Peeling Workers use 3 survival strategies during the Covid-19 pandemic, namely: (a) An active strategy is to include family members, (b). The passive strategy is to save and reduce expenses in meeting food and clothing needs by eating potluck such as consuming instant noodles, tofu, tempeh and eggs, not buying new clothes. In addition, it also reduces social activities, (c) Network strategy is to borrow money from toke, family and relatives when in urgent conditions that need money.</em></p> David Martua Tamba Tuti Atika Fajar Utama Ritonga Copyright (c) 2023 David Tamba, Tuti Atika, Fajar Utama Ritonga 2023-06-28 2023-06-28 2 2 278 284 10.55123/sosmaniora.v2i2.2220 Pengaruh Sosial Ekonomi Keluarga Terhadap Kejadian Stunting di Desa Parsibarungan Kecamatan Pangaribuan Kabupaten Tapanuli Utara <p><em>Study this discuss about influence social economy family with Stunting incident in the District Pangaribuan Regency North Tapanuli. Stunting is condition fail grow a child consequence infection nutrition recurrent ( chronic ) so that child more short from friend her age. The stunting indicator is seen from tall body age (TB/U) if z-score value &lt;-2SD is said short and said very short if z-score value &lt;-3SD. Study this conducted with destination for knowing how much big influence social economy family with Stunting incident, District Pangaribuan Regency North Tapanuli. Method study this use Spearman Rank Correlation with approach quantitative. Technique withdrawal sample on study this is saturated sampling where all member population used as sample, then sample study this is all family with child stunting incident in the village Parsibarungan Subdistrict Pangaribuan Regency North Tapanuli, totaling 24 families. Results study with analysis Spearman Rank test obtained score significance Among social economy family with stunting incidence of 0.000 or more small from 0.05 so that, Ha is accepted and Ho is rejected which shows existence significant influence Among social economy family with stunting incident. Based on results testing then know score coefficient Spearman Rank correlation is 0.739 which means there is high influence and strong.</em></p> Yuli Harum Mayarli Sidabutar Malida putri Copyright (c) 2023 Yuli Harum Mayarli Sidabutar, Malida putri 2023-06-28 2023-06-28 2 2 285 290 10.55123/sosmaniora.v2i2.2387 Dampak Kepemilikan Faktor Produksi Terhadap Kesejahteraan Masyarakat Petani Padi di Desa Pasar Melintang Kec. Lubuk Pakam <p><em>As an agricultural country, attention to the welfare of farmers in Indonesia is considered very strategic. This study aims to find out how the impact of ownership of the factors of production of land area, labor, capital, and expertise on the welfare of the rice farming community in Pasar Melintang Village, Kec. Lubuk Pakam. This study uses primary data, namely data obtained from rice farming communities through observation and distribution of questionnaires, the number of samples used is 100 rice farmers in that location. To measure the level of welfare of the rice farming community, it is carried out using indicators of the level of welfare from the Central Statistics Agency (BPS), which consists of eight indicators, namely income, consumption, housing, housing facilities, health of family members, ease of accessing health services, educational facilities, educational facilities. transformation. In analyzing the magnitude of the influence of the independent variables on the dependent variable, multiple linear regression analysis models are used. The test results of the coefficient of determination show that all variables (X) can explain the welfare variable (Y) of 0.451 or 45.1% while the remaining 54.9% is influenced by other factors not explained in this study. Simultaneous testing (together) has a Sig value. (0.000) &lt; 0.05, it can be concluded that land area, labor, capital and expertise simultaneously (together) affect the welfare of the rice farming community.</em></p> Liscorpio G Lee Nainggolan Copyright (c) 2023 Liscorpio G Lee Nainggolan 2023-06-28 2023-06-28 2 2 291 297 10.55123/sosmaniora.v2i2.2469